Resource planning centers on manufacturing or distribution operations,
and involves financial departments, sales departments, purchasing
departments, inventory managers, and directly, the manufacturing
and distributing elements themselves.
Resource planning involves determining material, labor and machine
requirements in a manufacturing environment, as well as the capacity
planning and scheduling operations at a facility. In addition, it
may address the labor, equipment, and warehouse space requirements
needed to handle products once fully processed.
Other systems may augment the basic resource planning operations,
including customer relationship management systems, advanced planning/scheduling
systems, warehouse management systems, and transportation management
RFID can aid in resource planning by providing a more timely "picture"
of products in the company, at whatever stage they happen to be
in. For example, a company can more accurately track incoming raw
materials, and determine usage, spoilage and disposition of current
inventories based on RFID data. Companies can track individual products
during the production process, as is currently being done in some
automobile manufacturing plants. Companies can also track finished
products as they roll off the assembly line, and are then transported
to warehouses or shipping points for distribution.
RFID information, instantaneously available, can be used to "trigger"
vital operations to ensure smooth continuity in production. For
example, low levels of basic raw materials can be instantly transmitted
to purchasing officials, who then take measures to procure additional
supplies. Excess inventory in a storage area may trigger sales managers
to alert their staff to opportunities to sell more of a particular
product. RFID information on out-of-date materials can be immediately
used by on-line managers to switch out old or spoiled materials
Information about a product's history, use, or disposition can
be transmitted and used by business executives to more efficiently
manage the entire operations' output.